Fantasies (CD review)

Piano fantasies of Schumann, Bruckner, Zemlinsky, and Brahms. Stanislav Khristenko, piano. Steinway & Sons 300032. 

According to my Harvard Concise Dictionary of Music, a musical fantasy (fantasia, fantaisie, or phantasie) is "generally speaking, a composition in which the 'free flight of fancy' prevails over conventions of form or style. Naturally, the term covers a great variety of types, which may be tentatively classified in five groups: (1) Pieces of a markedly improvisatory character; (2) character pieces of the 19th century; (3) sonatas in freer form, or of a special character; (4) free and somewhat improvisatory treatments of existing themes, often from operas; and (5) in the 16th and 17th centuries, a term for instrumental music that was sometimes used interchangeably with ricercar, tiento, and even praeambulum."

On the present album, Ukrainian pianist Stanislav Khristenko--2013 Cleveland International Piano Competition winner--provides examples of fantasies from Schumann, Bruckner, Zemlinsky, and Brahms. They are, indeed, "free flights of fancy," and one could hardly ask for a better an interpreter of them than Mr. Khristenko, whom some reviewers have described as a "poet of piano."

First up, Khristenko tackles the Fantasie in C major, Op. 17, by Robert Schumann (1810-1856). The great love of Schumann's life, musician and composer Clara Wieck, inspired the composition, based upon what Schumann described as "the unhappy summer of 1836 when we were separated." They would marry in 1837, and the love and emotion expressed in the Fantasie are obviously quite strong. Khristenko's approach to the piece is both sensitive and powerful, although he seems most comfortable in the latter mode. The gentler themes, like the opening and closing "Clara" motifs, appear a touch less persuasive than the more-turbulent, more-troubled sections in between. But that is only a very personal response, and other listeners may feel just the opposite and appreciate the pianist's ability to convey Schumann's feelings of love and joy above all. Listeners may also hear echoes of Chopin in the second movement, especially.

Next, we find the Fantasie in G major by Anton Bruckner (1824-1896). Written in 1868, Bruckner's piece is very short, no more than three-and-a-half minutes, lyrical and straightforward. This is about as far from Bruckner's large-scale symphonies as one can imagine--a gentle, tranquil, calming composition, played with affectionate care by Mr. Khristenko, who demonstrates here his ability to convey the tenderest of temperaments.

Stanislav Khristenko
Then, there's the Fantasien uber Gedichte von Richard Dehmel, Op. 9, by Alexander Zemlinsky (1871-1942), written in 1898 and inspired by the poems of German poet and writer Richard Dehmel. If we can accept the opinion of some scholars, Dehmel's main theme in his writings was "Eros" (love and sex), which he saw as a means to break free from the bounds of the middle class. Zemlinsky's four little piano pieces are sweet and evocative, with the pianist again showing us his most sensitive yet mildly passionate side.

Finally, we get the Fantasien, Op. 116, by Johannes Brahms (1833-1897), written late in his career in 1892. The Fantasien comprise a suite of seven brief, Romantic miniatures, alternating three fast Capriccios with four slower Intermezzos (three of the latter being in a row, Nos. 4-6). The Brahms pieces are among the most virtuosic of the music on the program, and Khristenko handles them with an easy touch. Yet that ease of execution includes a heavy dose of dramatic expression, so he always keeps the listener engrossed. Even if I thought the more-lyric passages just a bit underwhelming compared to the more-robust segments, the overall impression is one of pleasantly restrained and reflective strength.

Producer Dan Merceruio and engineer Daniel Shores recorded the piano at Sono Luminus Studios, Boyce, Virginia in January 2014. As always with a Sono Luminus production, the sound is mostly excellent. The piano is rather wide, stretching across the speakers, which is a tad distracting, but certainly the actual sound is most pleasing. There's a warmth and resonance about the piano that enhances the richness of the Steinway Model D, yet the sound maintains a healthy degree of detail and definition. It's quite nice, actually.


To listen to a brief excerpt from this album, click here:

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Meet the Staff

Meet the Staff
John J. Puccio, Editor, Publisher, Reviewer

Understand, I'm just an everyday guy reacting to something I love. And I've been doing it for a very long time, my appreciation for classical music starting with the musical excerpts on the Big Jon and Sparkie radio show in the early Fifties and the purchase of my first recording, The 101 Strings Play the Classics, around 1956. In the late Sixties I began teaching high school English and Film Studies as well as becoming interested in hi-fi, my audio ambitions graduating me from a pair of AR-3 speakers to the Fulton J's recommended by The Stereophile's J. Gordon Holt. In the early Seventies, I began writing for a number of audio magazines, including Audio Excellence, Audio Forum, The Boston Audio Society Speaker, The American Record Guide, and from 1976 until 2008, The $ensible Sound, for which I served as Classical Music Editor.

Today, I'm retired from teaching and use a pair of bi-amped VMPS RM40s loudspeakers for my listening. In addition to writing the Classical Candor blog, I served as the Movie Review Editor for the Web site Movie Metropolis (formerly DVDTown) from 1997-2013. Music and movies. Life couldn't be better.
Karl W. Nehring, Contributing Reviewer

For more than 20 years I was the editor of The $ensible Sound magazine and a regular contributor to its classical review pages. I would not presume to present myself as some sort of expert on music, but I have a deep love for and appreciation of many types of music, "classical" especially, and have listened to thousands of recordings over the years, many of which still line the walls of my listening room (and occasionally spill onto the furniture and floor, much to the chagrin of my long-suffering wife). I have always taken the approach as a reviewer that what I am trying to do is simply to point out to readers that I have come across a recording that I have found of interest, a recording that I think they might appreciate my having pointed out to them. I suppose that sounds a bit simpleminded, but I know I appreciate reading reviews by others that do the same for me -- point out recordings that I think I might enjoy.

For readers who might be wondering about what kind of system I am using to do my listening, I should probably point out that I do a LOT of music listening and employ a variety of means to do so in a variety of environments, as I would imagine many music lovers also do. Starting at the more grandiose end of the scale, the system in which I do my most serious listening comprises an Arcam CDS50 CSD/SACD CD player, Goldpoint SA4 Passive Preamp, Legacy Audio PowerBloc2 amplifier, and a pair of Legacy Audio Focus SE loudspeakers. I also do a lot of listening while driving in my 2016 Acura RDX with its nice-sounding ELS Studio sound system through which I play CDs (the ones I especially like I rip to the Acura's hard drive so that I can listen to them whenever I want) or stream music through the system using my cell phone. For more casual listening at home when I am not in my listening room, I often stream music through the phone into a Vizio soundbar system that has remarkably nice sound for such a diminutive physical presence. And finally, at the least grandiose end of the scale, I have an Ultimate Ears Wonderboom Bluetooth speaker for those occasions where I am somewhere by myself without a sound system but in desperate need of a musical fix. I just can't imagine life without music and I am humbly grateful for the technology that enables us to enjoy it in so many wonderful ways.
Bryan Geyer, Technical Analyst

I initially embraced classical music in 1954 when I mistuned my car radio and heard the Heifetz recording of Mendelssohn's Violin Concerto. That inspired me to board the new "hi-fi" DIY bandwagon. In 1957 I joined one of the pioneer semiconductor makers and spent the next 32 years marketing transistors and microcircuits to military contractors. Home audio DIY projects remained a personal passion until 1989 when we created our own new photography equipment company. I later (2012) revived my interest in two channel audio when we "downsized" our life and determined that mini-monitors + paired subwoofers were a great way to mate fine music with the space constraints of condo living.

Visitors that view my technical papers on this site may wonder why they appear here, rather than on a site that features audio equipment reviews. My reason is that I tried the latter, and prefer to publish for people who actually want to listen to music; not to equipment. My focus is in describing what's technically beneficial to assure that the sound of the system will accurately replicate the source input signal (i. e. exhibit high accuracy) without inordinate cost and complexity. Conversely, most of the audiophiles of today strive to achieve sound that's euphonic, i.e. be personally satisfying. In essence, audiophiles seek sound that's consistent with their desire; the music is simply a test signal.

William (Bill) Heck, Contributing Reviewer

Among my early childhood memories are those of listening to my mother playing records (some even 78 rpm ones!) of both classical music and jazz tunes. I suppose that her love of music was transmitted genetically, and my interest was sustained by years of playing in rock bands – until I realized that this was no way to make a living. The interest in classical music was rekindled in grad school when the university FM station serving as background music for studying happened to play the Brahms First Symphony. As the work came to an end, it struck me forcibly that this was the most beautiful thing I had ever heard, and from that point on, I never looked back. This revelation was to the detriment of my studies, as I subsequently spent way too much time simply listening, but music has remained a significant part of my life. These days, although I still can tell a trumpet from a bassoon and a quarter note from a treble clef, I have to admit that I remain a nonexpert. But I do love music in general and classical music in particular, and I enjoy sharing both information and opinions about it.

The audiophile bug bit about the same time that I returned to that classical music. I’ve gone through plenty of equipment, brands from Audio Research to Yamaha, and the best of it has opened new audio insights. Along the way, I reviewed components, and occasionally recordings, for The $ensible Sound magazine. Recently I’ve rebuilt--I prefer to say reinvigorated--my audio system, with a Sangean FM HD tuner and (for the moment) an ancient Toshiba multi-format disk player serving as a transport, both feeding a NAD C 658 streaming preamp/DAC, which in turn connects to a Legacy Powerbloc2 amplifier driving my trusty Waveform Mach Solo speakers, supplemented by a Hsu Research ULS 15 Mk II subwoofer.

Mission Statement

It is the goal of Classical Candor to promote the enjoyment of classical music. Other forms of music come and go--minuets, waltzes, ragtime, blues, jazz, bebop, country-western, rock-'n'-roll, heavy metal, rap, and the rest--but classical music has been around for hundreds of years and will continue to be around for hundreds more. It's no accident that every major city in the world has one or more symphony orchestras.

When I was young, I heard it said that only intellectuals could appreciate classical music, that it required dedicated concentration to appreciate. Nonsense. I'm no intellectual, and I've always loved classical music. Anyone who's ever seen and enjoyed Disney's Fantasia or a Looney Tunes cartoon playing Rossini's William Tell Overture or Liszt's Hungarian Rhapsody No. 2 can attest to the power and joy of classical music, and that's just about everybody.

So, if Classical Candor can expand one's awareness of classical music and bring more joy to one's life, more power to it. It's done its job. --John J. Puccio

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"Their Master's Voice" by Michael Sowa

"Their Master's Voice" by Michael Sowa